The Automatic Intra Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP) is a medical device used in the treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. It is used to increase blood flow to the heart and reduce the workload on the heart muscle. The IABP consists of a balloon catheter which is inserted into the aorta through a small incision in the groin or chest. The catheter is connected to an external console which inflates and deflates the balloon at regular intervals, thereby assisting the pumping action of the heart. The IABP can be used as a bridge to recovery or as a bridge to decision when deciding whether to proceed with more invasive treatments such as bypass surgery or implantable cardiac defibrillators.
Q1. What is an Automatic Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump?
A1. An Automatic Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP) is a device that is surgically implanted in the aorta to assist the heart in pumping blood throughout the body. It works by inflating and deflating a balloon in the aorta, which helps increase the amount of blood flow to the heart and other organs.
Q2. What are the benefits of using an Automatic Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump?
A2. An Automatic Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump can reduce the workload of the heart, decrease chest pain, improve the function of the heart, and improve the patient's quality of life.
Q3. Who is eligible for an Automatic Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump?
A3. Patients with certain heart conditions such as heart failure, cardiogenic shock, or acute myocardial infarction may be eligible for an Automatic Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump.